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High Blood Pressure

Blood pressure is a measure of force that moves blood through the blood vessels and around your body. This force is created by the pumping action of the heart. Each time your heart beats, the blood pressure goes up, and each time your heart relaxes, it goes down. Hence, there is always an upper and a lower pressure that can be measured.

Blood pressure varies from one person to another. Even in the same person, blood pressure may change from one moment to another. It rises when you are excited, exercising or under stress and falls when you are relaxed or sleep. These changes are quite normal.

It is only when your blood pressure stays high al the time that it becomes abnormal. This is called high blood pressure or hypertension. Most of the time, there are no symptoms at all. High blood pressure has been called the silent killer because it can slowly damage your body organs without you even knowing you have high blood pressure. If not treated, high blood pressure can lead to:

  • Stroke
  • Heart attack
  • Kidney failure
  • Blindness

The only way to know for sure if you have high blood pressure is to have your blood pressure measured by a doctor or a nurse.

Risk Factors Of High Blood Pressure Are


You will have a higher chance of getting high blood pressure if you have a parent or siblings with high blood pressure.

Being Overweight

Fat-like substance get deposited in the blood vessels making them more hard and narrow. Your heart has to pump harder therefore bringing up the blood pressure.

Eating Too Much Salt

Salt pulls water into the blood, increasing its volume. This is a common cause of hypertension in many people.

Too Much Stress

People who can't cope with stress may develop hypertension.

Hypertension Or High Blood Pressure

What Is It: Blood pressure measures the force blood against the walls of the blood vessels. No blood pressure is expressed as 120/80. A blood pr reading above this number is classified as Grade I o Grade II hypertension and treated accordingly.

Risk Factors: Family history of high blood pressure, excessive salt in the diet. lack of exercise. smoking.

Symptoms: High blood pressure is called a site killer because sufferers often show no obvious symptoms. The only way to tell if you have high bl pressure is to have your blood pressure checked.

Complications: Abnormal blood pressure levels, if left unchecked, can damage vital organs like the heart and kidneys, leading to heart disease, renal failure, glaucoma and stroke.

Treatment Options: Lifestyle changes are important as hypertension develops only in groups or societies that have fairly high intake of salt, exceeding 5.8kg daily. If hypertension does not respond to dietary changes or modified lifestyles, medication may be prescribed to keep it in check. The patient will need regular blood pressure checks as well as medication.


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