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Stroke


A stroke occurs when the blood flow to a part of the brain is cut off and the brain cells in that part cannot function. Factors that increase your chances of getting a stroke are:

  • High blood pressure
  • High fat and cholesterol in food
  • Being overweight
  • Smoking
  • Diabetes
  • Stress

The symptoms of a stroke depend on which part of the brain has been affected and include:

  • Weakness or paralysis of one side of the body
  • Loss of feeling/numbness on that side of the body
  • Difficulty in speaking
  • Difficulty in swallowing
  • Loss of concentration and memory
  • Loss of bowel and bladder control
  • Behavioral changes such as laughing and crying inappropriately

Check Your Blood Pressure

It is important for you to check your blood pressure every year once you are above 35 years old. Controlling your blood pressure will lower your chances of getting stroke and heart attack.

Watch Your Diet

Take less fat, sugar and salt. Go for healthy foods like fruit, vegetable, beancurd, fish, and white, lean meat.

Exercise Regularly

This means at least 20 minutes of vigorous exercise 3 to 5 times per week.

Control Diabetes

If you are diabetic, take your medicine or injections and check your blood and urine regularly. Watch your diet as well.

Don't Smoke

Not only can you get lung cancer, you may also get a stroke or a heart attack. Is it worth the risk?

Learn To Relax

Rest when you feel tired or tensed. Plan and manage your time properly.

Stroke

What Is It: A stroke occurs when the blood supply to a part of the brain is interrupted or severely reduced. This deprives the brain of oxygen and nutrients and within a few minutes to a few hours, brain cells begin to die. Early treatment can minimise damage to the brain and potential disability.

Risk Factors: Family history of stroke, smoking,. high blood pressure, high cholesterol, diabetes, lack of exercise, previous stroke or heart attack, obesity, use of birth control pills in women aged over 35 along with smoking.

Symptoms: Sudden numbness or weakness of the face, arm or leg, especially on one side of the body, sudden confusion, having trouble speaking or understanding, sudden trouble seeing in one or both eyes, sudden trouble in walking, dizziness, loss of balance or coordination, and sudden, severe headache.

Complications: Memory loss, speech loss. loss of function, temporary or permanent disability, paralysis.

Treatment Options: Medication to treat risk factors, surgery and physiotherapy for rehabilitation.

 

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