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Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is another common sexually transmitted disease.

How You Get It

Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is contracted by having sex with an infected partner. It is easier to get CMV if a condom is not being used. Children can get CMV through the air. The virus also lives in urine.

How It Is Transmitted

The CMV virus is transmitted during sex from one person to another.

What It Looks Like - What The Symptoms Are

CMV does not always cause symptoms that are noticeable. Fever, muscle ached, or a tired feeling may be noticed. In rare cases CMV can cause a lack of mobility in the arms or legs, swelling of the brain or heart, and a thinning of the blood (anemia). People with an impaired immune system may feel very fatigued, or have trouble breathing or seeing.

How To Get Tested For It

A small amount of fluid or skin from the penis or vagina will be collected by a qualified medical professional and sent to a laboratory for examination. Another option is to take a blood sample and send it to the laboratory. Either method will take 2-3 days to get the results.


For people with normal immune systems, there are no current treatments available. For those with impaired immune systems, there are two possible treatments for retina infections. One of these two products has also shown some benefit in the treatment of CMV infections of the gastrointestinal tract and to a lesser degree, the lung.

What Will Happen To Those With CMV

As with many viral infections, once infected with CMV, always infected. It also has periods of little to no viral activity and other periods of great viral activity. This is usually represented by symptoms that come and go in a normal, healthy person. For those with impaired immune systems, severs blood diseases, lung problems or even blindness can result from the infection. Unlike herpes, CMV can be passed on even in a stage of low viral activity.


A latex condom, preferably used with a spermicide, is the best protection against the spread of viral diseases.


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