Men's Articles

Types Of Cancer


Quite some years ago, if a person was diagnosed with cancer, it was close to receiving a dean sentence. But thanks to advances in medical technology, many types of cancers can be treated and effectively too. Advanced medical technology notwithstanding, it is wise to have a grasp of this disease.

Types

Cancer begins as a change in the gene of a normal single cell in any part or the body. Once this change takes place, the cell no longer functions normally and cancer is actually the accumulation of many of such errors. Other than the word cancer, several other terms are also used to describe the types of cancer:

Tumour: lmp or growth usually from the primary or original site.

Neoplasia: commonly known as cancer.

Carcinoma: cancer that originates from epithelial tissues.

Sarcoma: Cancer that originates from connective tissue such as muscle.

Leukaemia and Lymphonma: Cancers that arise from blood and lymphatic cells.

Tumours can be classified as malignant or benign. In the former, it has the ability to spread into surrounding tissues and to other parts of the body. When that happens, the area where the cancer has invaded will have the same kind of abnormal cells and the same name as the original cancer. A benign tumour does not spread or invade other parts of the body.

When It's Not Just a Mole

How can you tell if that mole on your arm is cancerous? For years, doctors have taught the ABCD rule: A mole may be melanoma if it is asymmetrical; the borders are irregular (not smooth); the color varies; or the diameter is larger than that of a pencil eraser. Now, the doctors at New York University School of Medicine who invented the ABCD rule say we should add an E for evolving.

They reviewed a number of studies to make sure the test still works. It does. But they also determined that some skin cancers change over time-in size, shape, color and symptoms such as bleeding or itching. In two studies, more than 70 per cent of lesions evolved in people diagnosed with melanoma. See your doctor if you have a mole with any of the ABCDE signs.

Fight Cancer With Tea

By drinking around two cups of black or green tea can slash your risk in half, according to Swedish scientists. They followed 60,000 women for 15 years and found that having a single daily cup reduced the odds by 24 per cent. Most of the women in they study sipped black tea, but other evidence indicates that compounds in green tea also cut cancer risk.

Cut Cancer Risk? Break An Arm

Harvard University experts have found that women who have had fractures appear to have lower odds of getting ovarian cancer. This also seems true for women who have had mastitis (a common infection caused by breastfeeding), use an IUD or take birth-control pills. Apparently, these incidents cause your body to make an antibody that helps fight fledgling cancer cells, lowering risks by as much as 30 to 65 per cent.
 

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