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You And Diabetes

Diabetes is a condition where blood glucose levels are above normal. These are a few main types of diabetes:

  • Type 1 (insulin dependent or juvenile onset diabetes)

  • Type 2 (non-insulin dependent or adult onset diabetes

  • Gestational diabetes which occur in pregnant women

Glucose provides energy. Under normal conditions, the hormone insulin, produced in the pancreas, is responsible for converting and storing excess glucose in the blood for later use. In a diabetic person, insulin may no longer be produced (Type1) or may be sufficient or ineffective (Type 2). The exact cause is yet unknown but studies have shown that Type 1 is an autoimmune disease.

This means that the body reacts to an external trigger like a virus, and stop producing insulin. In Type 2 diabetes, the body may develop a resistance to insulin the hormone produced is not as effective as it once was. Insulin may also be insufficient to deal with the high amount of excess glucose present in the blood.

Risk factors for Type 1 diabetes are not as clear. But obesity and a family history of diabetes may put one at higher risk of Type 2. Common symptoms include excessive thirst, the frequent need to urinate, lethargy and tingling sensations in the hands and feet. There is no cure for the disease but diabetes is not life sentence and the condition can be easily controlled with regular insulin injections, exercise and sensible diet.


What Is It: A disease in which the body's production and use of insulin is impaired, causing sugar to build up in the bloodstream. There are many types of diabetes, but the most common are Type 1, Type 2 and gestational.

Risk Factors: Family history of diabetes, obesity, lack of exercise, unhealthy diet.

Symptoms: Excessive hunger, thirst, light-headedness, excessive urination, blurred vision, dehydration and weight loss.

Complications: Diabetics should have regular check-ups to ensure the health of their eyes, feet and heart as the disease can cause complications in these areas. Diabetes can also cause blindness and peripheral neuropathy, a condition that affects nerve endings.

Treatment Options: Depending on their level of blood sugar control, diabetics need medication, insulin injections, regular blood testing, proper nutrition and exercise to keep sugar levels in check. With proper treatment and lifestyle management, they can live normal lives.


Two-Minute Workout

Recent Canadian studies show that a two-minute workout produced the same muscle enzymes essential for preventing Type 2 diabetes as cycling for 20 minutes. The two-minute workout, which involves cycling furiously on a stationery bike in four 30 seconds bursts with four minutes of rest in between, done three times a week displayed the same health and fitness benefits as others who cycled at a moderate pace for a total of six hours.

Munching On Nuts 

Munching on nuts at least one a day helps reduce the risks of Type 2 diabetes. Try almond, cashew or hazelnut butters they taste divine. A bowl of oats can keep blood sugar levels steady a great benefit for diabetics. Research shows that oats contain a type of soluble fibre (beta-glucan) that helps to slow the digestion and absorption of carbohydrates.

Syndrome X

If youre feeling sluggish and piling on the pounds, you may have Syndrome X. It is the name given to a collection of symptoms affecting your metabolism, including high blood pressure, high cholesterol levels and blood sugar disorders. Together, they make use vulnerable to just about every age-related disorder you can name: eye problems, diabetes, heart disease, exhaustion, cancer and Alzheimers. Those with a family history of Type 2 diabetes are particularly as risk.


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