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Body Mass Index (BMI)


If you are 20 per cent or more overweight, your risk of having a heart attack is three times greater than that of a person within the healthy weight range, warn experts. BMI is the measure of body fat based on your height and weight. A BMI value above 23 indicates a higher likelihood of developing hypertension and diabetes, which may in turn lead to heart failure.

Excess body weight can result in diabetes, abnormal cholesterol levels and hypertension - all well-documented risk factors for heart diseases. To lose weight, burn more calories than you consume. That means regular exercise and a healthy, balanced diet. Experts recommend exercising at least five times a week, for 40 to 60 minutes each time.

One way of finding out if you are overweight is by calculating your Body Mass Indes.

Body Mass Index Can Be Calculated Using Pounds And Inches With This Equation

BMI = ((Weight in Pounds) / (Height in inches) x (Height in inches)) x 703

Body Mass Index Can Also Be Calculated Using Kilograms And Meters (Or Centimeters)

BMI = (Weight in Kilograms) / (Height in Meters) x (Height in Meters) or BMI = ((Weight in Kilograms) / (Height in centimeters) x (Height in centimeters)) x 10,000

Which Band Do You Fall Into?

BMI Weight Category
Less Than 18.5 Underweight
18.5 to 24.9  Acceptable weight
25 to 29.9 Overweight
30 and above Obese

If your BMI is over 30, you are seriously harming your health. The dangers of obesity are as follows:

Stroke

Obese people tend to have high blood pressure and high blood cholesterol, which in turn increase the chances of having strokes.

Breathlessness

The excess weights that obese people carry around with them makes the heart and lungs work harder.

Gallstones

Gallstones are more common in obese people.

Back Pain And Joint Aches

Because of the excess weight carried around, the joints in the spine an dlegs are strained, resulting in aches and pains.

High Blood Pressure

Obese people are more prone to high blood pressure, and thus, heart disease and stroke. Losing weight can significantly lower raised blood pressure.

Skin Problems

Skin infections are more common in areas where folds of skin are constantly rubbing together, for example, in the groin and armpits.

Heart Disease

The risk of heart disease is increased because obese people are more likely to have high blood pressure, high blood cholesterol and diabetes. They also tend to exercise less.

Cancer Risk

Obesity is linked with a higher chance of getting certain cancers like caner of the large intestine and breast cancer.

Diabetes

Obese individuals are more likely to suffer from diabetes.

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